The Mediterranean Italian breed was officially recognised in 2000. In the past the buffalo was widely used as a draught animal, Mediterranean Italian buffalo are now raised and selectively bred principally for the production of the buffalo milk. Lactation lasts on average 277 days, and usually yields 1600–1800 kg of milk.
Buffalo milk compared to cow’s milk has:
- 58% more calcium
- 40% more protein
- 43% less cholesterol